Vasubaras is the first day of Diwali celebrations in Maharashtra. It is observed on the 12th day of the waning phase of the moon( ie the krishna paksha)of ashwin month as per the traditional Marathi calendar. In the year 2012, Vasubaras is celebrated on November 10th 2012 and this festival is dedicated to the worship of cows.
During Vasubaras, married women observe the Go Pooja and Sri Krishna Puja to get the blessings of the Lord. This day is also known as Govatsa Dwadashi in many parts of India. In Indian tradition, the cow symbolises the mother and hence on this day, married women perform the puja of cows having calf. The tradition symbolises the women’s gratitude towards cow for serving them and their children.
The significance of observing Vasubaras is also very interesting. During Diwali, there would be lot of energies generated in the atmosphere and it leads to instability and increase in temperature in the system. Hence to prevent this, Vasubaras is observed by worshipping the Lord to protect the earth by his divine rays. It is widely believed that cows have the maximum capacity to absorb the divine rays of the God during this period.Here, the cow also represents the Lord in the form of Krishna and hence it is worshipped on this day.