Saraswati Puja is also known as Vasant Panchami. The day is largely dedicated to Goddess Saraswati. Vasant Panchami is known in certain region as Shree Panchami. Saraswati Puja is observed by Hindus and the liturgical color associated with this festivity is yellow. According to the Hindu traditional calendar, the day falls on the fifth day of Magha Shukla Panchami. As per the Georgian calendar, it falls in early February. The day is marked by observances of puja and social functions at temples dedicated to Goddess Saraswati.
This festival is celebrated as Festival of Kites by the Sikh. It also marks the Holi season and the start of spring. On this auspicious day Hindus primarily worship Goddess Saraswati, who is regarded as the goddess of knowledge, art, music and culture. The festivity still honors Kamadeva, his beloved wife Rati, and his close friend Vasant who is the personification of spring. Vasant Panchami is largely associated with Shringar Ras so it is observed as per the ancient Hindu tradition.
According to the Hindu religious scholars and pundits, “The seasonal aspects of the festival are more significant in Northern India due to the sharper contrast between the winter and the spring, however the festival’s religious and cultural significance are emphasized across all celebrating regions.”
Vasant Panchami day is regarded as Saraswati’s birthday and celebrated with grand festivity. She is considered as the Goddess of learning, knowledge, wisdom, refinement, fine arts, science and technology. People perform various types of pujas and rituals in order to worship Goddess Saraswati and to successfully attain perfect enlightenment through knowledge and to immediately rid themselves of sluggishness, ignorance and lethargy. In the Indian month of Magh (spring season, January to February), on the fifth day of the bright half, Vasant Panchami is celebrated every year by the Hindus. Saraswati Puja is primarily the main event of the day.