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Saraswati Avahan

According to the religious literature and sculpture, Avahan means invocation. Invocation of Godess Sarswati is known as Sarswati Avahan. It is to be highly noted that the last three days of Navratri is largely dedicated to Goddess Saraswati. On Mahasaptahmi day that is on the seventh day of Navratri, Hindus perform Sarawati Avahan. On the following days, saraswati puja and sarswati uttara puja are grandly performed. According to the Hindu religion, Goddess of wisdom and knowledge plus music, arts and science is Goddess Saraswati.

In the Hindu month on Ashwin (Ashwyuja), on the Seventh day of waxing moon period is celebrated as Sarswati Avahan. The mantra related to Goddess Saraswati is Om Aim Sarasvatyai Svāhā. The Goddess is affiliated with Devi (Tridevi) and the abode is Brahmapura. Brahma is the consort of this Goddess. The mount used by the Goddess is swan, hansa bird and peacock. She is regarded as Shakti (power). It is to be highly noted that Lord Brahma created the universe, with her knowledge. Goddess Sarswati is part of the trinity that is Goddess Parvati, Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Sarasvatī.

According to the Hindu religious scholars and pundits, “All the three forms help the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva in the creation, maintenance and destruction of the Universe. The Goddess is also revered by believers of the Jain religion of west and central India. Saraswati is known as a guardian deity in Buddhism who upholds the teachings of Gautama Buddha by offering protection and assistance to practitioners.”

The forms of Saraswati are Maha Saraswati and Mahavidya Nila Saraswati. There is a lot difference in the Sarasvati Puja in Eastern India and in South India. In Andhra Pradesh, Sarasvati is also known as chaduvula talli and Sharada. In Konkani language, she is known as Vidyadayini, Pustaka dharini, Veenapani and Sharada. InIIIIIIn Kannada language, she is known as Sharade, Vani, Sharadamba and Veenapani.

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