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Onam is grandly observed by the Malayali Hindus in Kerala and rest of the world. It is a type of harvest festival with regional touch and tradition. It falls on the Thiruvonam Nakshatra in the month of Chingam as per the traditional Malayalam calendar. The special day is marked with grand sadya ( verity dish items grand lunch), Pookalam ( floral decoration), Thiruvathira Kali, Ona-thallu, Puli Kali, Thrikkaakarayappan, Thumbi thullal, Onappottan, Onavillu, Athachamayam in Thrippunithura, Kazhchakkula in Guruvayur, Onathaar, Vallam kali (Boat race) and Kummaattikkali.

The festival of Onam largely commemorates the Vamana avatar of Lord Vishnu. It also commemorates the subsequent homecoming of the legendary Emperor named Mahabali to his native land, Kerala. In the state of Kerala, it is a state festival that grandly celebrated by all during the month of Chingam (August–September) as per the traditional Malayalam calendar. The festivity lasts for ten days without any break.
Onam is marked with various festivities. With most number of cultural elements, this is one of the best festivals celebrated by the Malayalis in Kerala and rest of the world. It is one of the ancient festivals in India that still largely survives even in modern times. Onam is regionally known as the Festival of Rain Flowers and Kerala’s rice harvest festival.

According to the Hindu religious scholars and pundits, “Kerala witnessed its golden era during the reign of King Mahabali. The Brahma-Vaivarta Puranam explains that Lord Vishnu wanted to curb the pride of Indra; and therefore positioned Mahabali in great power.” On the other hand, the Bhagavata Purana mentions “He [Vishnu] will take the kingdom away from Purandara [Lord Indra] and give it to Bali Maharaja.”

This particular festival united the family members, relatives and friends with perfect bonding of togetherness through its festivity. Most of the Malayalis who are abroad return to Kerala in order to celebrate the festival with native members of the large family.

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